Archive for May, 2012

   A foreign language opens a whole new cultural world to your child. All parents should seriously consider introducing a young child to a second language, as this will help the child to develop its brain. In fact, children who learn a second language can be more creative and they tend to understand complex concepts better. Also, the brain functions of bilinguals may stay sharper over the time.

The earlier a child starts to learn a second language, the more likely they are to develop their language skills and be more proficient at talking like a native; this will help the children later in their life, not only because of their knowledge of other cultures, but also when they will start looking for an employment, as bilingual or multi-lingual will be more competitive in the market place.

   It is true that children at the age of 4-5 years old learn rapidly, because they absorb quickly whatever they hear, but it is also true that they need adequate language stimulation. For this reason you’ll need to take on the role of coach for your child (or children). Better if you decide to learn, together with your child (or children) a second language; it will help enormously the child/children.

  In order for a child to learn to read well in two languages, he/she must receive clear and simple instructions in the reading rules. For this reason it is very important that an experienced teacher is available to help, correct and guide the child through the reading difficulties. The teacher will be able to hone the child’s vocabulary, grammar, reading and conversational skills. Conversational skills, especially, require lots of practice and repetition, meanwhile vocabulary is improved through constant usage of useful words. Also, to fully learn a second language is important to master the skills of reading and writing in a foreign language; for this reason a notebook and a pen will be precious studying tools .

  To become proficiency in a foreign language, adults and children alike, needs patience, diligence and effort. Feel connected with the chosen foreign language and love it! And, finally, decide to learn only for yourself and for your own gratification!

For those who decide to learn the Italian language, I will be thrilled to help them all along their exploration into this wonderful language and culture.

All the above is for information only.

We are delighted to be able to offer you even more opportunities to meet up your needs and priorities when learning Italian. We are now able to supplement our innovative on-line tutorial course for the Italian language with the following amazing services:

Both courses are based at Stockley Park, Uxbridge. Lessons will be hourly and run between 9.00am and 2.00pm, Monday to Friday and of course you can choose your preferred time (subject to availability).

 

   So do not delay any more. Start learning now! For more information and prices, please email at italiantutorial.lena@gmail.com

For any question you may have, please email italiantutorial.lena@gmail.com

 

 

  

   © Italian Tutorial, 2012. All rights reserved.

Advertisements

   As we know, caffeine has psychoactive effect and its combination with stress increases the chance of developing a psychotic symptom.
Recently, caffeine was found again in the spotlight as the new “superiorityof beauty; studies in mice showed that, topical application of caffeine may reduce wrinkles!

Coffee is the beverage most widely consumed worldwide, after water of course and the annual output now reaches 7 million metric tons. With such consumption worldwide, coffee has been and remains a subject of thorough studies that attempt to clarify how coffee affects health.

STIMULATORY EFFECT: When we drink coffee, our brain releases dopamine, which is a substance of happiness and prosperity. Moreover, it improves the level of attention, because activates a complex biochemical mechanism, that primarily affects the functioning of nerve cells.
Caffeine is absorbed rapidly from the stomach wall and enters the blood within 30-45 minutes. From there it is distributed throughout the body and then metabolized by the liver to be eliminated by the kidneys.
This process is completed within a few hours; in pregnant women, however, can remain in the body for up to ten hours.

BENEFITS AND RISKS: With such rapid absorption and effect, one would expect that caffeine can easily become threatening. However, existing studies concur that, to be toxic, should consume a huge dose.
Regarding long-term effects, scientists now estimate that overall, the balance of risks to the potential benefits (of coffee consumption) leans to the side of benefits; benefits ranging from reducing the risk of various cancers occur to protection from dementia and diabetes type 2.
These benefits are not attributed solely to caffeine. The coffee is a source for potassium, magnesium and also for many bioactive substances, including many antioxidants. In fact, one cup of coffee can contain more antioxidants than a glass of cranberry juice or a cup of tea.

However, caffeine is to be avoided from those who suffer from acute gastritis or ulcers, gastro-esophageal reflux, chronic renal disease, largely in pregnancy.

A healthy person should not consume caffeine (from coffee, colas, tea, chocolate and other sources) that exceeds 300 mg per day. If this quantity is only derived from coffee, then it corresponds to about four coffees a day. Also, a single espresso or cappuccino contains 40-80 mg caffeine; instant coffee contains 70-100 mg and coffee filter 100-150 mg.

   THE EFFECTS OF CAFFEINE
Brain. Stimulates the production of dopamine, improves attention, enhances memory and ability to concentrate, so increases attention and memory performance;
Heart. Increases in heart rate and blood volume; decreases risk of heart disease;
Dilates blood vessels. Increases in arterial tone, improves circulation, increases blood pressure;
Muscle. Increases the contractility of skeletal muscle and the mobilization and utilization of free fatty acids from them. It also increases the metabolic rate and oxygen uptake, so increases physical performance and muscular recovery;
Stomach. Stimulates digestion (hence an ideal “finish” a meal);
Guts. Prevents the absorption of glucose and improves the mobility of the intestines;
Liver. Stimulates the production of bile and help to shrink the gall bladder; decreases risk of liver disease;
Lungs. Increases the dilation of the bronchi and lung ventilation, improving respiratory function;
Kidney. Expands the renal arteries and increases urine output by stimulating urination.

SHORT-TERM EFFECTS
Should caffeine abuse can cause:
* Sleep disturbances (including insomnia)
* Nervousness, hyperactivity, addiction and withdrawal symptoms
* Maybe headache or migraine
Duration of action: 30-45 minutes.

   The caffeine content

  • Instant decaffeinated coffee (cup) = 3 mg
  • Chocolate drink (cup) = 10 mg
  • Chocolate (28 gr.) = 10-15 mg
  • Tea (cup) = 40-50 mg
  • Cola (can) = 35-45 mg
  • Espresso (single) = 40-80 mg
  • Cappuccino (cup) = 40-80 mg
  • Instant coffee (cup) = 70-100 mg
  • Filter coffee (cup) = 100-150 mg

The amounts of caffeine vary depending on the type and amount of coffee and the size of the cup.

All the above is for information ONLY.

Italian Tutorial, 2012. All rights reserved.

Italians prefer to do business with people they know and trust, so take the time to ask questions about your business colleague’s family and personal interests, as this helps build the relationship. Italians also, are extremely expressive communicators. They tend to be eloquent, emotional demonstrative and for this reason they often using facial and hand gestures to prove their point.

   In the north, people are direct; see time as money and get down to business after only a brief period of social talk. In the south, people take a more relaxing approach to life and want to get to know the people with whom they do business. Also, in the north, punctuality is viewed as a virtue and your business associates will most likely be on time.

   The goal of the initial meeting is to develop a sense of respect and trust with your Italian business colleagues. Have all your printed material available in both English and Italian and hire an interpreter, if you are not fluent in Italian.

   Exchange business cards, after the formal introduction and, to demonstrate proper respect for the other person, look closely at their business card before putting it in your pocket or bag. It is a good idea to have one side of your business card translated into Italian and make sure your title is on your card, as Italians like knowing how you fit within your group.

   Italians much prefer face-to-face contact, so it is important to spend time in Italy developing the relationship. Your business colleagues will be willing to know something about you as a person, before conducting business with you, so a third party introduction will go a long way in providing an initial step from which to work.

Negotiations are often prolonged; never use high-pressure sales tactics and always stick on to your verbal agreements; failing do this will destroy a business relationship. More far as decisions concern, they are often based more on how you are viewed by the other party than on tangible business objectives.

   Finally, appearance is important to Italians as they are extremely fashion conscious. Always bear in mind that first impression is lasting impression in Italy. Women should wear either business suits or conservative dresses and men should wear dark coloured, conservative business suits. Elegant accessories are equally important for women and men.

   In bocca a lupo! Good Luck! (as Romulus and Remus, saved by the she-wolf, who took them in his mouth in a safe place).

All the above is for information only.

We are delighted to be able to offer you even more opportunities to meet up your needs and priorities when learning Italian. We are now able to supplement our innovative on-line tutorial course for the Italian language with the following amazing services:

  • one-to-one crush course private tuition and
  • courses for small groups up to 4 students. Great if you and your friends want an added boost to learning or improving their Italian.

Both courses are based at Stockley Park, Uxbridge. Lessons will be hourly and run between 9.00am and 2.00pm, Monday to Friday and of course you can choose your preferred time (subject to availability).

So, do not delay any more. Start learning now! For more information and prices, please email at italiantutorial.lena@gmail.com

  

   © Italian Tutorial, 2012. All rights reserved.

“The purest and most thoughtful minds are those which love color the most ” John Ruskin

“The purest and most thoughtful minds are those which love color the most ” John Ruskin

The colours have a “temperature” and are divided into warm, cool and neutral, according to the different sensations which convey, the images and situations that call to mind.
The reds, yellows and orange are bright and are associated with sunlight and sun’s heat, while the blues, purples and greens evoke snow, ice, sea, sky.

1) “Warm colours” are the colours that tend to orange and red.
Colori caldi”:     ,    ,   

2) The “cool colours” tend to purple and blue.
Colori freddi”:      ,   

3) “Neutral colours” tend to black, white and grey.

Colori neutri”:    ,  ,  

RED, BLUE, YELLOW, cannot be generated by other colours and they are “basic colours”.

,     , 

ORANGE, GREEN, PURPLE are the “secondary colours” and they are made by mixing two primaries in equal parts.

 +    = 

  +    = 

  +   = 

As far as wall painting concerns, one of the largest factors in choosing paint colours is the mood, the atmosphere we are attempting to create. Colour has a powerful effect on how we feel; it can make us feel hot, cold, thoughtful, relaxed, happy and energetic or any other strong emotions. Even if, walls’ colours radiate just a tiny quantity of energy, it is able to affect for a long time positively or negatively our physical and mental health; that’s why the colours’ selection should not be random, either on the walls or on fabrics. When you redecorate your home, remember that, cool colours are suitable for bedrooms/restrooms and warm for the activities’ rooms.

More analytically,

   YELLOW: a warm colour, which stimulates mental and psychological functions and sharpens the mind. However, the environment dominated by yellow favour migraines, muscular rheumatism and creates fatigue.

   RED: a warm colour, which stimulates inspiration and mental effort, but annoying if you remain in space for long hours.

   AMBER: a warm colour, milder than red. It increases energy, without creating hostility. It causes euphoria and optimism and reduces depression. When used in the form of light, stimulates the functioning of the circulatory and respiratory system.

   GREEN: a cool colour, which soothes and rejuvenates the body and spirit. Fills the child optimism and helps to treat insomnia.

   BLUE: a cool colour, which relaxes the nervous system and promotes the study and meditation.

For the painting of the external walls should be taken into account the reflectivity of the selected colour. Remember that, dark colours absorb solar radiation.

What to avoid:

The oil paints can be volatile (evaporate in the air) and for this they may be able  to create or aggravate existing respiratory problems.

The aniline colours, used to paint some furniture, are highly toxic when heated or when surfaces are scraped off.

The varnish containing organic solvents, such as benzene and ammonia.

The best choices are:

Plastic colours or any colour that dissolve in water and not in organic solvents, such as petrol and turpentine.
Coatings containing casein and milk are safe for children, when inhaling.
Enamel soluble in water paint, suitable for wood and metal surfaces, which is odourless and offers good cosmetic result.
Water-soluble primer, suitable for priming wood and metal surfaces, odourless and easy to use.
Water soluble varnish impregnating fungicide action, to ensure long term protection and is environmentally friendly.
Water soluble acrylic wood paint with special UV filters, which make it suitable for outdoor use.

Finally:

The colour will change, depending on the lighting in the house, the flooring and the colour that is already on the wall; paint applied to a white wall will look different than paint applied to a beige wall.
The colour will also change depending on different light at different times of the day.
The colour on the wall isn’t true, until it dries.

All the above is for information only.

Italian Tutorial, 2012. All rights reserved.

Valentino Garavani turns 80!

The designer of Voghera is still an Italian fashion icon throughout the world, a symbol of class and timeless style.

Five years ago the designer left the creative direction of his fashion house, with lots of festivities lasted three days. Since then, however, continued to move into the world of fashion, bringing together in festivals, exhibitions and charity events on the international jet set, passing from one to another of his residences in Paris, Rome, London and Gstaad. The long career has not been consecrated by a Roman museum, more often promised but never built, but has found an elite place in the web, with the opening of the Virtual Museum (http://www.valentino-garavani-archives.org/ ), a real trip in 3D in the creative history of the house and around that world of friendships and testimonials that have made it so great is the name of the designer.

We do not know what he would like in order to celebrate these 80 years, having already received the highest honors as Neiman Marcus Award (the Oscar of fashion), the decoration of Grand Officer of the Order of Merit, the title of Knight Grand Cross and Knight of Labor, the Legion d’honneur, the highest honor of the French Republic. Surely he will not stand still for, during which time he commutes from New York to prepare the costumes for a show that New York City Ballet will stage this September. In November, however, opens an exhibition in London devoted to his fashion.

All the above is for information only.

© Italian Tutorial 2012. All rights reserved.

Who wants to relax in a luxury atmosphere, these are some Italian places:

   

Palazzo Arzaga, Hotel, Spa & Golf & tennis resort. Among the green hills of Lake Garda, a renaissance building, immersed in a natural wild-life park.

     

In Toscana, nella grotta più grande d’Europa, Grotta Giusti,  a natural paradise on the slopes of Monsummano hill. Immersed in the beauty of the Tuscan countryside, surrounded by the greenery of a centuries-old park, the Grotta Giusti complex is an enchanting and perfectly equipped Spa centre with a feature that makes it unique: the ancient grotto, which envelops the guest in a beneficial and detoxifying thermal steam bath.

  

Situated in the town of Tavarnelle Val di Pesa, in the heart of the Chianti wine region, Castello del Nero Hotel & Spa, is a luxury hotel and the perfect location for romantic holidays, gastronomic journeys, fairytale weddings and comfortable business conferences.

   

La Valle d’Aosta welcomes who loves the mountains and wants a family holiday. The shelter is open from march 10 on weekends by reservation.

All the above is for information only.

We are delighted to be able to offer you even more opportunities to meet up your needs and priorities when learning Italian. We are now able to supplement our innovative on-line tutorial course for the Italian language with the following amazing services:

  • one-to-one crush course private tuition and
  • courses for small groups up to 4 students. Great if you and your friends want an added boost to learning or improving their Italian.

Both courses are based at Stockley Park, Uxbridge. Lessons will be hourly and run between 9.00am and 2.00pm, Monday to Friday and of course you can choose your preferred time (subject to availability).

So, do not delay any more. Start learning now! For more information and prices, please email at italiantutorial.lena@gmail.com

  

   © Italian Tutorial, 2012. All rights reserved.

The Parliament is the most important body of the Italian State. It is the assembly of the representatives that the people have chosen with their vote. The parliament consists of two assemblies, known as Chambers: the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Each Chamber has a president.
The most important functions of parliament is the legislative one, which is the power to pass laws and its control over the government.
The Parliament is elected directly by the people through elections and remains in office for five years.

The Government consists of the Prime Minister and his ministers. The chairman of the board, also called the head of government or prime minister, coordinates the activities of Ministers and directs the policy of the government. The presidency council is based in Rome at Palazzo Chigi. The government exercises executive power, which is to implement the laws passed by parliament.

The ministers dealing with specific sectors: health, education, foreign affairs and interior, justice, finance and so on. The ministries are based in Rome: for example the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is located at the Palazzo della Farnesina.

 

 

The President of the Republic is the head of state and is elected by the Parliament. Remains in office for seven years and represents the national unity. He, as long as it remains in office, resides in the Quirinal Palace.

 

 

 


The Constitutional Court is composed of fifteen members, appointed by the President of the Republic, the Parliament and the Judiciary and has the task of ensuring that state laws do not conflict with the Constitution.

 

 

Independent local authorities
The Italian Republic is made up of councils, provinces and regions. These local organizations have some autonomy of decision and administration, but they must always respect the laws of the State, as required by the Constitution. Local administrators are elected by the citizens of that area. In the local bodies, the board has the function of Parliament, while the joint is equivalent to the government. At the head of the council is the Mayor. Provinces and regions are governed by a president. In Italy there are twenty regions, provinces and more than eight hundred thousand councils.

The Council
The Council is the smaller administrative body and thus closer to the daily lives of citizens. The services provided by a Council may vary, depending on the size: in Italy there are Councils with more than one million inhabitants and others with fewer than one hundred residents. The Council provides citizens with social services, manages nurseries and decides on the administration of city streets and on the management and operation of urban public transport. Also Councils issue building permits and collect taxes on houses. The council is also involved in work, tourism, security, environment, culture and sports and citizens may request personal or demographic documents to the Council, such as certificates of residence.

All the above is for information only.

  

   © Italian Tutorial, 2012. All rights reserved.