Archive for June, 2012

Sardinia offers the opportunity for great holidays. Surfing, Kite Surfing, Windsurfing, Scuba diving,  Surfing pulled along by a motor boat,  Mountain climbing, Mountain biking and, of course, to enjoy its transparent and deep blue waters and beaches with a turquoise sea.

  Sardinia is an ideal destination all year round. The bathing season is long, from May to October. The best time is early summer, when beaches, including the most famous of the Costa Smeralda, are not yet crowded.


The best places to visit in Sardinia: Cagliari, the capital of Sardinia, is a vibrant city of great cultural appeal. You can visit the Citadel of Museums, at the gates of the Castello district, which contains the Archaeological Museum and the National Art Gallery, with works by Sardinian and Catalan authors of the fifteenth century and the old cathedral, which houses the Cathedral Museum. It’s nice to walk on the fortifications (walls), which offer one of the most beautiful landscapes. The nearest beach is Poetto, seven kilometers of bars, restaurants and beaches.

   Alghero is the city that rivals Cagliari for lifestyle and new trends, such as the fish markets where you buy the fish at zero distance, bike paths, and bio-fattorie hotels with low environmental impact. From Alghero you can reach Capo Caccia, a destination famous for its beaches, but also for the possibility of doing long walks in the countryside and bird watching, flying over the imposing limestone promontory. This is also the Head Hunting Resort, one of the most spectacular hotels of the island, overlooking the sea.

Sea and culture are the prerogatives of Sant’Antioco, the Civic Museum of Contemporary Art and the Museum of Archaeology, which houses the remains of all the sailors who landed on this island. Sant’Antioco is also the destination for wine lovers; here you also will find gourmet restaurants, where the cuisine combines Sardinians and Genoese flavours. The more mundane is the Costa Smeralda, created by Prince Aga Khan, in the early sixties, where are the island’s finest hotels.

   Sardinia contains also many archaeological sites and mines under the sun. The Great Serbariu mine, inserted in the Historical and Environmental Park of Sardinia, is open to the public. From the Gulf of Orosei Arbatax runs a stretch of coast between the wildest and best preserved of the island.

The highlight is the Sardinian summer jazz festival that takes place in Time Berchidda. In the cosmopolitan Costa Smeralda, summer is marked by international regattas and golf tournaments.

   Typical Sardinean dishes include: the malloreddus with meat sauce, the maccarones with red sauce and meatballs or ravioli with wild boar sauce, lamb stew with fennel, roast suckling pig with vegetables, pig with myrtle and, in season, “cacciagione” (hunting) dishes. There is plenty of choice even for those who love fish soups and seafood. Then mountain charcuterie, sheep of different ages who are accompanied to carasau, a crunchy pastry flour and semolina, excellent even with only oil and salt. You can also get carasau frattau, baked dough in layers topped with tomato, beef, cheese and eggs. The dishes are accompanied by local wines, especially whites, such as Vermentino, or red, like the Carignano Sulcis. It is well worth it to try the local beer, the “blonde” Ichnusa. The meal always ends with a drink made of licorice, strawberry trees, laurel, prickly india or fennel.

Things to buy: The Sardinian folk art focuses on the production of textiles, ceramics, works on carving, basket weaving and weaving of rugs, tapestries and carpets with traditional motifs.

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All the above is for information only.

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   Good hydration is vital, especially if you’re active in hot weather. How much water you need, though? Each person has unique needs hydration,  determined largely by sweating.

   A simple way to determine the degree of sweating is as follows:

weighed before any physical activity, wearing a few clothes. Then, for half an hour do your activity (whether for work or for entertainment  purposes) without drinking any fluids and without going to urinate. Just spend the 30 minutes, weighed again, wearing identical clothes that had weighed at the beginning. The difference in body weight corresponds to the sweat lost. If you lose about a pound, you need something less than 1 liter of fluid to top it up and their consumption has to start within 30 minutes after you stopped the activity.

   The thirst is a mechanism that is activated only when we are dehydrated by 2%, so not wait to feel thirsty to drink water when dealing with manual or otherwise strenuous activity, especially in hot weather.
Finally, you can check how well hydrated you are, looking at the color of your urine; if they are of a light color is better; if not, it means that you need to drink water immediately. Just remember, in the morning is normal to have a darker color.

Always remember that, having a cool drink by your side the entire time working, especially in hot weather, is a very good choice, as the human body is composed of mostly water and it requires more water for its functions. Also, to digest and eliminate, the body requires water.

If you don’t drink enough water, you can’t properly flush your kidneys or liver, the colon can’t properly move your bowels and this allows your body to retain the unhealthy toxins it takes in.

   Without water cells cannot grow, reproduce or survive and the entire organism dies.

   Let’s say the benefits of water in the body:

  • it keeps muscular membranes from dying out (eyes, mouth, etc);
  • it maintains optimal and stable heating and cooling;
  • it facilitates blood flow, cellular reproduction, movement and life itself;
  • it maintains optimal digestive function and elimination; it is true that fibres aid in digestion, but with water’s help!
  • it supports the efficient removal of toxins and waste from internal organs; drinking water helps in keeping bladder and colon cancer away.
  • it permits the absorption of life-essential nutrients and energy; our brain is made of around 85% water; drinking water helps us to think better and increase our concentration!
  • it is intended for delivering all body fluids, molecular messages and oxygen delivery.

   About 75% of our muscles, 22% of our bones and 83% of our blood are made up of water; water keeps our body well hydrated, so that our body can carry out  its functions correctly.

The body can survive for weeks without food, but only a few days without water.

All the above is for information ONLY!


Italian Tutorial, 2012. All rights reserved.

   Il Tricolore (= The Tricolor)

Il Tricolore, The Italian flag, was born at Reggio Emilia on 7 gennaio 1797, when the Cispadane Republic created its first version, following Napoleon’s successful campaign in Italy and inspired by the French flag, created in 1790. Il Tricolore has been in use in its current form since the formation of the Republic in 1946. The 3 colours representing the countryside (green), the mountains (white) and the blood spilt during the unification of Italy (red). Another interpretation claims that the green represents hope, the white represents faith and the red represents charity.

   Fratelli d’Italia (= The Italian national anthem)

The Italian national anthem is called “Il Canto degli Italiani” (= The Song of the Italians). It is also called “Fratelli d’Italia” (= Brothers of Italy), taken from the first line of the lyrics. The words were written by a young Genovese student called Goffredo Mameli in 1847 and set to music a few months later by Michele Novaro. The hymn became very popular during the Risorgimento and, after the formation of the Italian Republic in 1946, “’Il Canto degli Italiani” was chosen as the national anthem of the new Republic.


The emblem of the Italian Republic is characterised by the “Star of Italy“, the steel gear wheel and the branches of olive and oak. The “Star of Italy” is the most ancient identity symbol of the Italian land. The olive branch symbolises the desire for peace. The oak branch embodies the strength and dignity of the Italian people. The steel gear wheel is a symbol of work and translates the first article of the Constitution: “Italy is a democratic republic founded on work.”

   Lo Stendardo Presidentiale (= the Presidential flag)

The Italian presidential flag is the hallmark of the presence of the Head of State and therefore follows the President of the Republic in all his travels. Is raised on cars, ships and airplanes that have on board the President, outside the Prefectures (when the head of state visiting a city) inside the hotel where he works officially, etc. The presidential emblem’s square shape and edging of blue symbolise the Armed Forces, of which the President of the Republic is the Head.

   Il Vittoriano

The “Monumento Nazionale a Vittorio Emanuele II” (= National Monument to Victor Emmanuel II) or “Altare della Patria” (= Altar of the Fatherland) or “Il Vittoriano” is a monument built to honour Victor Emmanuel II, the first king of a unified Italy, located in Rome. The monument was designed by Giuseppe Sacconi in 1885, it was inaugurated in 1911 and completed in 1935. Il Vittoriano holds the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier with an eternal flame, built after the World War I.

Il Vittoriano is built of white marble of Brescia and features stairways, Corinthian columns, fountains, an equestrian sculpture of Victor Emmanuel II and two statues of the goddess Victoria. The structure is 135 m wide and 70 m high and houses the museum of Italian Reunification.

In 2007, a panoramic elevator was added to the structure, allowing visitors to ride up to the roof, for 360 degree views of Rome.

   Festa della Repubblica Italiana (= Italian Republic Day)

The Italian Republic Day reruns the 2 June. On this day we remember the institutional referendum held on 2 and 3 June 1946, with which the Italians were called to the polls in order to state what form of government they prefer: monarchy or republic. After 85 years of reign, with 12.717.923 ballots against 10.719.284, Italy became a republic.

   La Coccarda

The tricolor cockade was born before the Italian flag and was the basis in the process of origin of the tricolor flag. The tricolor cockade is the Italian tricolor folded ribbon and it is important to remember that the Italian cockade, by convention, has the green in the center and the red in the outside edge. The rosette is used as an optical badge on military vehicles, especially on airplanes and helicopters and also it is use to be on the hats of military persons and diplomats. It is also used as prizes in competitions: it consists of a rosette of folded ribbon, often at the center with a large button with the name of the event or award. At the end there may be two or more strips of tape that descend from the rosette, attached to its rear.

   L’azzurro (= sky-blue color)

The sky-blue is the Italian national color. Its origins go back to 1366, when Amedeo VI di Savoia, detto il Conte Verde, leaving for the crusade of Gallipoli, wanted that on its flagship, next to the Savoia’s flag, a light blue color (sky-blue) flag waved in honour to Maria, the mother of Jesus Christ.

All the above is for information only.

Italian Tutorial, 2012. All rights reserved.