The punctuation – La punteggiatura

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In writing correctly the Italian language, the accent is required as follows:

1) in the words with accent on the last syllable, which have more than one syllable.

Per esempio (= For example): verita’ (=truth), citta’ (= city and cities), carita’ (= charity), societa’ (= society),affinché (= so that), cosicché (=so), finché (= until), giacché (= as), poiché (= because), perché (= because), etc.

When we will study the verbs, we will see that some verbs also stress the first and third person of the future tense, such as: vedro (= I will see), amero (= I will love), andra (= he/she/it will go), vedra (= he/she/it will see), etc.

2) In some of monosyllables:
Per esempio (= For example): più (=more, plus), giù (=down), già (= already), ciò (= this), può (= can), etc.

3) On certain monosyllables to distinguish them from others who write in the same manner:

Si’ (=Yes) (affirmative particle) / si (= you) (pronoun)
te’ (= tea (beverage) / te (= you) (pronoun)
che’ (= because, since) / che (=that) (conjunction)
da’ (= he/she/it gives) (verb give) / da (= from) (preposition)
di’ (= day) / di (= to) (preposition)
e’ (= is, verb to be) / e (and) (conjunction)
la’ (= there, adverb) / la (= the, feminine article)
ne’ (= or, conjunction) / ne (= I, pronoun)
li’ (= there, adverb) / li (pronoun)
se’ (= self, pronoun) – se (= if, conjunction)

B) The comma (,) is used:

1) To express a short break and to divide the sentences of a period, for example: Mike runs always by himself, he trains for an hour.

2) To separate words or groups of words within a phrase, for example: I eat apples, pears, bananas, plums.

3) After a vocative, for example: San Francisco, hear my prayer!

4) After an insertion (ie, a phrase that fits and is independent), for example: Today, because of the bad weather, I will stay home.

5) After an explanation (ie a noun that is added to another to better explain it), for example: Julius Caesar, King of Rome, was assassinated.

Never put a comma:

1) Between subject and verb, for example: Helen reads a book.

2) Between verb and direct object, for example: I drink the wine.

3) Between a name and its adjective, for example: I ate a pizza.

4) Before the words: and, o/or and before parentesis.

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