Posts Tagged ‘world’

Thirteen centuries after the total destruction of Olympia, between 1875 and 1881, a team of German archaeologists brought to light the ruins of Olympia, unearthing 130 sculptures and numerous traces of the great era. This discovery caused a revival in Europe’s interest for the Olympic Games.



Athens 1896: The first modern Olympic Games of 1896 in Athens were a great success. Thanks to the enthusiasm and help of the Greek benefactor Georgios Averof, the Kallimarmaro Panathenaico Stadium was prepared to accommodate the large cosmopolitan event.

On 6-15 April 1896 the first modern Olympic Games took place with great success in Athens, the birthplace of the Olympic Spirit and the Olympic Ideals, at the Kallimarmaro (= Artistic Marble) Panathenaico Stadium. The victory of Louis, a waterman from Maroussi, was the first big event of those Olympics and the name of Spyros Louis entered in history. The first Olympics were fully achieved.

 Since then, the institution of the games travels around the world, carrying the universal and timeless values ​​of Olympic Games to all peoples and cultures. Although the athletes who took part during the first modern Olympic Games did not exceed the number of 250, the Games in Athens 1896 were the largest sporting event ever!

The Greek officials and the audience was excited and asked to have the monopoly of the games. The IOC (International Olympic Committee), however, thought otherwise. It was decided that the games would start again and held every four years in different countries.

The Olympic flame is the symbol of the Olympic Games. It represents the theft of fire from the god Zeus by Prometheus. The flame represents the “endeavour for victory” and symbolises “the light of spirit, knowledge and life”. Now the Olympic flame is ignited several months before the opening ceremony of Olympic Games in Olympia, which is the altar of the Olympic flame. The lighting of the flame is achieved through the convergence of solar rays on a metal reflector, a concave parabolic mirror to collect sunlight. It is a great honour to invite someone to light the Olympic flame into the stadium. Once lit, the flame continues to burn throughout the duration of the Olympics and erased during the closing ceremony.


 The Olympic Oath is recited by one athlete and one judge in the opening ceremony of the Olympic Games. The athlete, team member of the organizing country, holds a corner of the Olympic flag and recites the oath: “In the name of all athletes, I promise to take part in these Olympic Games, respecting the regulations governing them, participating in the games without using additives and drugs, according to the true spirit of sportsmanship for the glory of sport and honour of our teams”.

The judge, who also comes from the host nation, does the same, but diversified reciting one vow: “In the name of all judges and officials, I promise that we run into these Olympic Games with complete impartiality, respecting and remaining true to rules governing them, in the true spirit of sportsmanship. We swear that we will take part in the Olympic Games in a spirit of chivalry, for the honour of our country and for the glory of sport”.

The Olympic Anthem: The Greek poet Kostis Palamas wrote the poem “Ancient immortal spirit” and the music is of Spyros Samaras. The Olympic anthem was written for the first Olympiad and it was sung during the opening and closing ceremony. The International Olympic Committee unanimously approved the adoption of the work of Samaras-Palamas as the official Olympic Anthem.

“Αρχαίο Πνεύμα αθάνατο, αγνέ πατέρα του ωραίου, του μεγάλου και του αληθινού, κατέβα, φανερώσου κι άστραψε εδώ πέρα στη δόξα της δικής σου γης και του ουρανού. Στο δρόμο και στο πάλεμα και στο λιθάρι, στων ευγενών Αγώνων λάμψε την ορμή και με τo αμάραντο στεφάνωσε κλωνάρι και σιδερένιο πλάσε και άξιο το κορμί …….”

“Ancient immortal spirit, pure father of beauty, great and true, come down, be reveled and flashed here in the glory of thy land and sky. In running and in fighting and in stone, shine at these noble Games’ momentum and with amaranth wreath crowned and create a worthy body of iron …..”

The Olympic Flag: Baron de Coubertin designed the Olympic flag in 1913-14. It depicts five interlocking rings on a white background. The five interlocking coloured circles represent the five continents (blue for Europe, yellow for Asia, black for Africa, green for Australia and red for America) and the meeting of the world’s athletes at the Olympic Games.

The Olympic motto: «Citius, Altius, Fortius» (faster, higher, stronger).

The Olympic Ideology: The most important thing in the Olympic Games is not to win, but to participate, as the most important thing in life is not the triumph, but the fight. The essential aim is not winning, but hard battle.

Still nowadays, as in ancient Greece, the Olympics are the most important sporting competition on earth, which brings the world’s best athletes to one stage to compete for their countries.

    Good luck to all of them!

In bocca a lupo!” (=”Good Luck!“) (as Romulus and Remus, saved by the she-wolf, who took them in his mouth in a safe place).

All the above is for information only.

© Italian Tutorial, 2012. All rights reserved.


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The Italian language (italiano or lingua italiana), which derives from Latin, is spoken in Italy, Switzerland (where Italian is one of the 4 official languages) San Marino, Vatican City and also by minorities in Malta, Monaco, Croatia, Slovenia, France, Libya, Eritrea, Somalia and by immigrant communities in America and Australia.

   Italian is spoken as a mother tongue by 65 million people in the EU (13% of the EU population), but the total number of speakers in the world is more than 85 million.The Italian language has about 60,000 words and is one of the richest in the world!

Learning a foreign language enriches and enhances mental development and self-confidence  (which is the key ingredient of happiness and success) as it stimulates the mind and empowering people with a sense of control. In fact, it has a positive effect on intellectual growth and especially when the foreign language is learned at an early age. Research showed that those with competency in more than one language tend to have higher intelligence on tests.

   Foreign languages are also important to one’s career (especially when the business is an international one with a multi-cultural staff base) as it facilitates international relationships. Speaking the other party’s language helps make a great impression, it shows that you are willing to go above and beyond to maintain the relationship and, in many cultures, the attempt to speak the language is viewed as a sign of respect.

Another good reason to start study another language is the fact that, a foreign language gives the access to a different culture. This develops awareness between people, where a common cultural framework does not exist, in order to promote clear lines of communication and better relationships.

   Through learning about other cultures, barriers, such as preconceptions, prejudices and stereotypes that obstruct our understanding of other people, are gradually disappeared, allowing for more open relationships and dialogue. When the barriers are disappeared, mutual understanding follows, which results in greater trust. Once trust is established altruistic tendencies naturally manifest, allowing for greater co-operation and a more productive workplace. Also, learning about other cultures, helps people learn more about themselves through learning about others cultures, preconceptions, mentalities and worldviews.

Start learning a foreign language develops listening skills; by becoming good listeners, people naturally become good communicators.

   Start learning a second language definitely improves literacy skills. In fact, learning a foreign language means learn a wide variety of vocabulary, subjects, objects, verbs, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions and how to use them, in order to build correctly sentences. To obtain this you need a notebook and a pen (your precious tools) because you have to write down many times each new word you learn. Also repetition is very important; you have to repeat loudly and correctly many times every new word you learn, in order to become familiar with it. Learn a few words a day, but do it every day; it is very important!

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